[Local combined with systemic glucocorticoid treatment of young and middle-aged patients with severe and profound hearing loss].

Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2018 Apr;32(7):533-536

Department of Otolaryngology, Suzhou Kowloon Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Suzhou, 215000, China.

To investigate the clinical effect of local combined with systemic glucocorticoid injection on young and middle-aged patients with severe and profound hearing loss. Ninety-three cases of young and middle-aged patients with severe and profound hearing loss admitted to our hospital from May 2013 to May 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the different treatment. Forty-six cases in control group were treated with systemic injection of glucocorticoids.Forty-seven cases in observation group were treated with local administration combined with systemic glucocorticoid therapy. The efficacy, changes of average hearing threshold and the incidence of adverse reactions were evaluated.The total effective rate in the observation group was 68.09%, which was significantly higher than that in the control group (45.65%,<0.05).After treatment, the average hearing thresholds in the observation groups of 0.5,1.0,2.0 and 4.0kHz were(35.77±13.28)dB HL,(39.71±14.09)dB HL, (32.99±10.73)dB HL and (30.17±9.29)dB HL respectively,which were significantly higher than that in the control group(26.30±14.03)dB HL,(25.14±13.28)dB HL,(20.54±9.27)dB HL,and (20.98±8.71)dB HL(<0.05).Among all the patients received systemic injection of dexamethasone sodium phosphate injection,there was no other complications were found except for one patient whose blood pressure instability was relieved after treatment stopping. In the observation group, intratympanic methylprednisolone sodium succinate did not cause serious complications such as tympanic cavity infection and perforation of the tympanic membrane on the basis of systemic injection.While in the observation group,one case complained of earache and one case complained of a slight burning sensation in the ear, and both of them eased after rest.Local combined with systemic glucocorticoid treatment of young and middle-aged patients with severe and profound hearing loss can significantly improve the efficiency and increase the average hearing threshold changes at 0.5,1.0,2.0 and 4.0 kHz,and there was no serious adverse reactions.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.13201/j.issn.1001-1781.2018.07.014DOI Listing

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April 2018
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