Neural Netw 2018 Sep 4;105:88-103. Epub 2018 May 4.
Department of Computer Science, Chongqing University of Education, Chongqing 400067, PR China. Electronic address:
This paper talks about the stability and synchronization problems of fractional-order quaternion-valued neural networks (FQVNNs) with linear threshold neurons. On account of the non-commutativity of quaternion multiplication resulting from Hamilton rules, the FQVNN models are separated into four real-valued neural network (RVNN) models. Consequently, the dynamic analysis of FQVNNs can be realized by investigating the real-valued ones. Based on the method of M-matrix, the existence and uniqueness of the equilibrium point of the FQVNNs are obtained without detailed proof. Afterwards, several sufficient criteria ensuring the global Mittag-Leffler stability for the unique equilibrium point of the FQVNNs are derived by applying the Lyapunov direct method, the theory of fractional differential equation, the theory of matrix eigenvalue, and some inequality techniques. In the meanwhile, global Mittag-Leffler synchronization for the drive-response models of the addressed FQVNNs are investigated explicitly. Finally, simulation examples are designed to verify the feasibility and availability of the theoretical results.