Neuromuscul Disord 2018 07 10;28(7):592-596. Epub 2018 Apr 10.
Department of Pediatrics, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA; Department of Neurology, Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa, USA. Electronic address:
Mutations in POMT2 are most commonly associated with Walker-Warburg syndrome and Muscle-Eye-Brain disease, but can also cause limb girdle muscular dystrophy (LGMD2N). We report a case of LGMD due to a novel mutation in POMT2 unmasked by uniparental isodisomy. The patient experienced proximal muscle weakness from three years of age with minimal progression. She developed progressive contractures and underwent unilateral Achilles tenotomy. By age 11, she had borderline low left ventricular ejection fraction and mild restrictive lung disease. Muscle biopsy showed mild dystrophic changes with selective reduction in α-dystroglycan immunostaining. Sequencing of POMT2 showed a novel homozygous c.1502A>C variant that was predicted to be probably pathogenic. Fibroblast complementation studies showed lack of functional glycosylation rescued by wild-type POMT2 expression. Chromosomal microarray showed a single 15 Mb copy number neutral loss of heterozygosity on chromosome 14 encompassing POMT2. RNAseq verified homozygosity at this locus. Together, our findings indicate maternal uniparental isodisomy causing LGMD2N.