Sci Total Environ 2018 Sep 24;635:947-955. Epub 2018 Apr 24.
Department of Animal Physiology and Ecotoxicology, University of Silesia in Katowice, Bankowa 9, PL 40-007 Katowice, Poland.
Despite the fact that the demand for graphene and its derivatives in commercial applications is still growing, many aspects of its toxicity and biocompatibility are still poorly understood. Graphene oxide, which is released into the environment (air, soil and water) as so-called nanowaste or nanopollution, is able to penetrate living organisms. It is highly probable that, due to its specific nature, it can migrate along food chains thereby causing negative consequences. Our previous studies reported that short-term exposure to graphene oxide may increase the antioxidative defense parameters, level of DNA damage, which results in numerous degenerative changes in the gut and gonads. The presented research focuses on reproductive dysfunction and cellular changes in Acheta domesticus after exposure to GO nanoparticles in food (concentrations of 20 and 200 μg·g of food) throughout their entire life cycle. The results showed that long-term exposure to GO caused a significant decrease in the reproductive capabilities of the animals. Moreover, the next generation of A. domesticus had a lower cell vitality compared to their parental generation. It is possible that graphene oxide can cause multigenerational harmful effects.