Nanotechnology 2018 Jul 11;29(28):285201. Epub 2018 Apr 11.
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33146, United States of America.
Plasmon based field effect transistors (FETs) can be used to convert energy induced by incident optical radiation to electrical energy. Plasmonic FETs can efficiently detect incident light and amplify it by coupling to resonant plasmonic modes thus improving selectivity and signal to noise ratio. The spectral responses can be tailored both through optimization of nanostructure geometry as well as constitutive materials. In this paper, we studied various plasmonic nanostructures using gold for a wideband spectral response from visible to near-infrared. We show, using empirical data and simulation results, that detection loss exponentially increases as the volume of metal nanostructure increases and also a limited spectral response is possible using gold nanostructures in a plasmon to electric conversion device. Finally, we demonstrate a plasmon FET that offers a broadband spectral response from visible to telecommunication wavelengths.