Eur J Radiol 2018 Apr 17;101:118-123. Epub 2018 Feb 17.
Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiological Science, Severance Hospital, Yonsei University College of Medicine, 50 Yonsei-ro, Seodaemun-gu, 120-752, Seoul, Korea, Korea.
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate whether the quantitative parameters of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) can predict the effects of chemotherapy in advanced adenocarcinoma based on the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guidelines.
Materials And Methods: A total of 90 patients (59 males, 31 females, age 61.4 ± 12.3 (23-85)) with unresectable lung adenocarcinoma (TNM stage IIIB or IV) who underwent DECT before chemotherapy were prospectively included in this study. By comparing baseline studies with the best response achieved during 1 st line chemotherapy, patients were divided into two groups according to RECIST (version 1.1) guidelines as follows; responders (CR or PR) and non-responders (SD or PD). Quantitative measurements were performed on baseline DECT, and a logistic regression model was used to evaluate predictive factors for a response to chemotherapy.
Results: Among 90 patients, 38 were categorized as responders, while 52 patients were non-responders. The mean iodine concentration measurements were significantly higher in responders compared with non-responders (1.81 ± 0.51 vs 1.33 ± 0.76 mg/ml, p < 0.001). On multivariate analysis, EGFR mutation (odds ratio (OR): 3.116, 95% confidential interval (CI):1.182-8.213, p = .019) and iodine concentration (OR: 1.112, 95% CI:1.034-1.196, p = .006) were found to be significant for predicting a treatment response.
Conclusions: Dual-energy CT using a quantitative analytic method based on iodine concentration measurements can be used to predict the effects of chemotherapy in patients with advanced adenocarcinoma.