Br J Dermatol 2018 Sep 29;179(3):662-668. Epub 2018 May 29.
Department of Dermatology, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle upon Tyne, U.K.
Background: Germline mutations in the tumour suppressor gene CYLD are recognized to be associated with the development of multiple cutaneous cylindromas. We encountered such a patient who presented with breathlessness because of multiple pulmonary cylindromas.
Objectives: To search for clinical and radiological features of multiple pulmonary cylindromas in a cohort of 16 patients with CYLD mutations.
Methods: A retrospective case-note review was carried out in a tertiary dermatogenetics clinic where CYLD mutation carriers are reviewed on an annual basis. In-depth investigation was carried out for patients with pulmonary tumours.
Results: Four patients had radiological imaging of their lungs, of which two had multiple pulmonary cylindromas that were confirmed histologically. Serial computed tomography monitoring allowed for pre-emptive endobronchial laser ablation, preventing major airway obstruction and pulmonary collapse.
Conclusions: Pulmonary cylindromas are an unrecognized, but infrequently symptomatic, aspect of the phenotype in these patients that can have implications for patient care. They should be considered in patients with a high tumour burden that present with respiratory symptoms, and where appropriate, monitored with serial imaging.