Non-Tuberculous Mycobacterial Infections Related to Peritoneal Dialysis.

Authors:
Hiroyuki Inoue
Hiroyuki Inoue
National Research Institute of Police Science
Japan
Naoki Washida
Naoki Washida
School of Medicine
Kohkichi Morimoto
Kohkichi Morimoto
Keio University
Japan
Keisuke Shinozuka
Keisuke Shinozuka
Keio University
Japan
Takahiro Kasai
Takahiro Kasai
Keio University School of Medicine
Kiyotaka Uchiyama
Kiyotaka Uchiyama
Japanese Red Cross Medical Center
渋谷区 | Japan
Hirobumi Tokuyama
Hirobumi Tokuyama
School of Medicine
Shu Wakino
Shu Wakino
Keio University
Japan

Perit Dial Int 2018 Mar-Apr;38(2):147-149

Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan.

Most infections related to peritoneal dialysis (PD) are caused by common bacteria, and non-tuberculous mycobacteria are rare. The clinical characteristics and prognosis of PD patients with non-tuberculous mycobacterial infections were investigated at our hospital. Non-tuberculous mycobacteria were detected in 11 patients (exit-site infection, tunnel infection, and peritonitis in 3, 5, and 3 patients, respectively). , , and were identified in 4, 2, and 2 patients, respectively. Most patients with peritonitis or tunnel infection required catheter removal. During the study period (2007 - 2017), peritonitis occurred in 44 patients, including 3 patients (6.8%) with non-tuberculous mycobacterial peritonitis. When non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection occurs, multi-agent antibiotic therapy, unroofing surgery, and/or catheter replacement should be performed to prevent peritonitis.

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http://www.pdiconnect.com/lookup/doi/10.3747/pdi.2017.00172
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.3747/pdi.2017.00172DOI Listing
December 2018
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