Saudi J Biol Sci 2017 Dec 11;24(8):1871-1878. Epub 2017 Nov 11.
Department of Science and Technology, Henan University of Chinese Medicine, Zhengzhou 450046, China.
To observe the intervention effect of total flavonoid of ilex pubesceus on animal models of cerebral ischemic tolerance. A rat model of global-focal cerebral ischemic tolerance was established by blocking bilateral common carotid artery blood flow and occluding left middle cerebral artery using thread-occlusion method. After the first operation, the Ginaton group and large-dosage, medium-dosage and small-dosage groups of total flavonoid of ilex pubesceus were given intragastric administration of corresponding drugs. The sham-operated group, pretreatment model group and ischemia-reperfusion group were given intragastric administration of the same volume of normal saline, 1 time a day, and administrated for 4d. At 24 h after the second operation, the neurological deficit was assessed, the whole blood viscosity, plasma viscosity, iNOS activity as well as NO level, IL-1β content and TNF-α content in the brain tissue of the rats were determined, and the morphological changes of brain tissue of the rats were observed by HE staining. All the rat models of cerebral ischemic tolerance were established successfully. The total flavonoid of ilex pubesceus can obviously or significantly reduce the neurological deficit score, whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity, obviously or significantly increase the NO level in the brain tissue of the rats, and significantly reduce the pathological damage of brain tissue of the rats. But compared with the ischemia-reperfusion group, the total flavonoid of ilex pubesceus can significantly or obviously increase the iNOS activity, IL-1β content and TNF-α content in the brain tissue of the rats.