Simultaneous treatment of intracranial complications of paranasal sinusitis.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 May 13;275(5):1165-1173. Epub 2018 Mar 13.

Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngological Oncology, University of Medical Sciences, Przybyszewskiego Street 49, 60-355, Poznań, Poland.

Purpose: The objective of this study was to analyse 51 patients with intracranial complications of sinusitis treated in the Department of Otolaryngology and Laryngeal Oncology at Poznań University of Medical Sciences from 1964 to 2016.

Materials And Methods: Males made up a significant portion of study participants at 70.5%. Treatment included simultaneous removal of inflammatory focal points in the paranasal sinuses and drainage of cerebral and epidural abscesses and subdural empyemas under the control of neuronavigation preceded by the implementation of broad-spectrum antibiotics continuously for 4 weeks. Seventy-three intracranial complications were found among 51 patients. Of the 51 patients, 25 had frontal lobe abscesses (including multiple abscesses). Other complications included the following: 16 epidural abscesses, 9 subdural empyemas, 15 meningitis cases, 3 intracerebral abscesses, 3 sinus thrombosis cases and 2 patients with cerebritis. Co-occurrence of these complications worsened the state of the patient and increased the duration of treatment. Patients with frontal lobe abscesses had a better prognosis and less pronounced neurological symptoms in recent years versus earlier treatment approaches.

Conclusions: Simultaneous treatment of intracranial complications of sinusitis is an effective treatment method that has minimal burden for the patient. From 1964 to 1978, three deaths (17%) were reported among patients with these complications. Since 1978, no deaths were reported in the clinic.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00405-018-4932-5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5893661PMC

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May 2018
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