J Cancer Res Ther 2018 Jan;14(1):57-60
Department of Endoscopy, Xinxiang Central Hospital, Henan Province, PR China.
Objective: The aim of this study was to explore the clinical value of capsule endoscopy in the diagnosis of small intestine neoplastic lesions.
Materials And Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 108 patients who underwent capsule endoscopic examination in the Endoscopy Center of Xinxiang Central Hospital from February 2010 to January 2014. The characteristics of different small bowel diseases were observed, and the prevalence rates of different small bowel lesions were calculated.
Results: Of the included 108 patients who received capsule endoscopic examination, 74 cases showed lesions, with a detection rate of 68.52%. Of these 74 patients, 56 cases (51.85%) suffered from small bowel diseases and 18 cases (16.67%) were manifested with other gastrointestinal lesions. Moreover, obvious lesion was not observed in 34 cases (31.48%). Among the patients with lesions, we observed seven cases of submucosal tumor in small intestines, five cases of small intestinal carcinoma, two cases of small intestinal polyps, two cases of small intestinal roundworm, eight cases of small intestine ulcer, one case of Crohn's disease, 18 cases of enteritis, two cases of small intestine diverticula, four cases of small intestine hemangioma, one case of small intestine vascular malformation, one case of intestinal lymphangiectasia, one case of small intestine compression, two cases of small intestine hemorrhage, and two cases of small intestinal lipoma. Among the patients who showed other gastrointestinal lesions, we observed one case of esophageal diverticula, three cases of gastric erosion, six cases of superficial gastritis, four cases of gastric ulcer, one case of pyloric ulcer, one case of colonic polyps, and two cases of colon tumor.
Conclusion: Capsule endoscopy demonstrated a high diagnostic value for various small bowel diseases, including both tumor and inflammatory lesions. Given its simplicity, safety, and reliability, capsule endoscopy was an important examination tool for the diagnosis of small bowel diseases.