Oral Dis 2018 Sep 8;24(6):908-919. Epub 2018 Jun 8.
College of Stomatology, Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China.
The aims of this systematic review were to compare the incidence and intensity of postoperative pain after single-visit root canal treatment using manual, rotary, and reciprocating instruments. An extensive literature search in PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science was performed to identify investigations that evaluated the effects of different instruments on postendodontic pain. Meta-analyses and additional analyses, including subgroup and sensitivity analyses, were conducted. We included seventeen trials in this study. Pooled results showed that patients treated with rotary instruments experienced a significantly lower incidence of postoperative pain (RR, 0.32, p = .0005) and reduced pain intensity than did patients treated with manual instruments. In addition, patients treated with multiple rotary-file systems experienced a significantly lower incidence of postoperative pain than did those treated with reciprocating systems (RR, 0.73; p < .0001). The use of rotary instruments contributed to a lower incidence and intensity of postoperative pain than did the use of hand files in patients who received single-visit root canal treatment. In addition, the use of multiple rotary-file systems contributed to a lower incidence of postoperative pain than did the use of reciprocating systems.