An ecological study of the link between the risk of most frequent types of cancer in Poland and socioeconomic variables.

Int J Public Health 2018 Sep 5;63(7):777-786. Epub 2018 Mar 5.

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, The Jan Kochanowski University in Kielce, Al. IX Wieków Kielc 19, 25-317, Kielce, Poland.

Objectives: To assess the link between the risks of most frequent cancer sites in Poland and selected socioeconomic variables that potentially affect health outcomes throughout the life course.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional ecological study. Incidence of lung, breast, and colon cancer by voivodeships in 2014 was calculated based on Polish National Cancer Registry. Socioeconomic variables in individual voivodeships were assessed based on Polish Social Cohesion Survey for 2015. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient was used to test the association of incidence rates and socioeconomic variables. The significance level was set at p < 0.05 (two-tailed tests).

Results: Statistically significant negative correlation exists between: (1) friend-/neighbour-based social capital and colon and breast cancer, (2) association-based social capital and lung cancer, (3) high religiousness and lung and breast cancer, and (4) income poverty and breast cancer. Statistically significant positive correlation exists between: (1) social isolation, living conditions poverty, poverty resulting from the lack of budget balance, and lung cancer; (2) low/no involvement in religious activity and lung and breast cancer.

Conclusions: Our findings support public health concerns over the implication of socioeconomic environment for cancer.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00038-018-1082-xDOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6154031PMC
September 2018
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