YH18968, a Novel 1,2,4-Triazolone G-Protein Coupled Receptor 119 Agonist for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Biomol Ther (Seoul) 2018 Mar;26(2):201-209

Department of Applied Chemistry and Global Center for Pharmaceutical Ingredient Materials, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 17104, Republic of Korea.

G protein-coupled receptor 119 (GPR119) is expressed in the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract, and its activation promotes insulin secretion in the beta cells of the pancreatic islets as well as the secretion of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) in intestinal L cells, consequently improving glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Due to this dual mechanism of action, the development of small-molecule GPR119 agonists has received significant interest for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. We newly synthesized 1,2,4-triazolone derivatives of GPR119 agonists, which demonstrated excellent outcomes in a cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) assay. Among the synthesized derivatives, YH18968 showed cAMP=2.8 nM; in GLUTag cell, GLP-1secretion=2.3 fold; in the HIT-T15 cell, and insulin secretion=1.9 fold. Single oral administration of YH18968 improved glucose tolerance and combined treatment with a dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4) inhibitor augmented the glucose lowering effect as well as the plasma level of active GLP-1 in normal mice. Single oral administration of YH18968 improved glucose tolerance in a diet induced obese mice model. This effect was maintained after repeated dosing for 4 weeks. The results indicate that YH18968 combined with a DPP-4 inhibitor may be an effective therapeutic candidate for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Download full-text PDF

Source
http://www.biomolther.org/journal/DOIx.php?id=10.4062/biomol
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.4062/biomolther.2018.011DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5839499PMC
March 2018
33 Reads

Publication Analysis

Top Keywords

treatment type
12
type diabetes
12
improved glucose
8
dpp-4 inhibitor
8
yh18968 improved
8
administration yh18968
8
gpr119 agonists
8
single oral
8
oral administration
8
insulin secretion
8
receptor 119
8
glucose tolerance
8
yh18968
5
yh18968 camp=28
4
camp=28 glutag
4
derivatives yh18968
4
synthesized derivatives
4
assay synthesized
4
glutag cell
4
camp assay
4

References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

Similar Publications