Mol Genet Genomic Med 2018 01 25;6(1):27-34. Epub 2017 Oct 25.
SICODIC, Ciudad de México, México.
Background: Gaucher disease type 1 (GD1, OMIM# 230800), is a condition with high impact in patient's quality of life (QoL). We report the improvement in QoL of children with GD1 measured by Lansky play-performance scale (LS) after enzymatic replacement therapy (ERT) and to describe our experience in the treatment of children with GD1.
Methods: Five children with diagnosis of GD1 received imiglucerase 60 mg/kg every two weeks. LS, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, hemoglobin, platelets, and growth rate were measured every 6 months after beginning ERT for 30 months.
Results: After ERT, LS increased significantly from 28 ± 16.48 points before ERT to 70 ± 10 (P = 0.0046) and 95 ± 10 (P = 0.0022) points after 6 and 30 months of ERT, respectively; hemoglobin and platelets changed significantly from 9.28 ± 0.61 to 12.40 ± 0.85 (P = 0.0198) and from 71.50 ± 14.89 to 205.00 ± 65.34 (P = 0.0428) after 30 months of ERT, respectively. All patients demonstrated decreased hepatic and splenic size with mean reductions of 66% and 80% at 30 months of treatment and the USG longitudinal axis was reduced in both liver and spleen after ERT.
Conclusion: The use of ERT with imiglucerase 60 mg/kg every two weeks has substantial benefits and significantly improves QoL, assessed with Lansky Score, of the five children with GD1 studied.