Multifactorial chromosomal variants regulate polymyxin resistance in extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae.

Microb Genom 2018 03 12;4(3). Epub 2018 Feb 12.

1​Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia.

Extensively drug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (XDR-KP) infections cause high mortality and are disseminating globally. Identifying the genetic basis underpinning resistance allows for rapid diagnosis and treatment. XDR isolates sourced from Greece and Brazil, including 19 polymyxin-resistant and five polymyxin-susceptible strains, were subjected to whole genome sequencing. Seventeen of the 19 polymyxin-resistant isolates harboured variations upstream or within mgrB. The most common mutation identified was an insertion at nucleotide position 75 in mgrB via an ISKpn26-like element in the ST258 lineage and ISKpn13 in one ST11 isolate. Three strains acquired an IS1 element upstream of mgrB and another strain had an ISKpn25 insertion at 133 bp. Other isolates had truncations (C28STOP, Q30STOP) or a missense mutation (D29E) affecting mgrB. Complementation assays revealed all mgrB perturbations contributed to resistance. Missense mutations in phoQ (T281M, G385C) were also found to facilitate resistance. Several variants in phoPQ co-segregating with the ISKpn26-like insertion were identified as potential partial suppressor mutations. Three ST258 samples were found to contain subpopulations with different resistance-conferring mutations, including the ISKpn26-like insertion colonizing with a novel mutation in pmrB (P158R), both confirmed via complementation assays. These findings highlight the broad spectrum of chromosomal modifications which can facilitate and regulate resistance against polymyxins in K. pneumoniae.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/mgen.0.000158DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5885010PMC
March 2018
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)
Emerging carbapenem resistance among nosocomial isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae in South India
Mohamudha et al.
Int J Pharma Bio Sci 2010

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