Technol Cancer Res Treat 2017 12 16;16(6):1173-1178. Epub 2017 Nov 16.
2 Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Oncology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.
Purpose: We observed that many of our helical therapy lung stereotactic body radiation therapy plans did not meet the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) recommended R50% (volume of 50% of the prescription dose/planning target volume), which characterizes the steepness of dose fall off. We hypothesized that despite not meeting R50%, helical therapy lung stereotactic body radiation therapy plans would confer similar local control and minimal side effects as previously reported using nonhelical treatment platforms.
Materials And Methods: We report a retrospective review of all consecutive patients treated off-protocol with stereotactic body radiation therapy for peripheral lung lesions from 2008 to 2013 utilizing helical therapy. Seventy-four patients (81 lesions and 79 plans) were treated with doses ranging from 48 to 60 Gy in 3 to 5 fractions prescribed to the edge of the planning target volume.
Results: Forty-eight (61%) plans had major deviation from R50%. Only 1 (<1%) plan had a major deviation from the R100%. All plans had > 95% planning target volume coverage by prescription dose, 7(8.6%) plans with 121% to 133% maximum dose, and lung V20 Gy <10% in 70 (89%) plans. With a median follow-up of 4.7 years (95% confidence interval: 4.1-5.3), local control for all patients at 1, 2, and 5 years was 94.6%, 83.4%, and 74%, respectively. For patients with primary stage I-II lung cancer (n = 46), the 1, 2, and 5-year local control: 97.2%, 94.2%, and 86.9%; RC: 97.6%, 82.5%, and 69.5%; and DM: 3%, 16%, and 33.4%, respectively. Patients treated for lung metastases (n = 26) had worse local control at 1, 2, and 5 years: 94.4%, 69.3%, and 55.5%, respectively. Side effects were rare with 2 (3%) patients reporting chest wall pain and 6 (8%) patients experiencing radiation pneumonitis, including 1 patient who had grade 5 radiation pneumonitis.
Conclusions: Helical therapy delivers a safe and effective lung stereotactic body radiation therapy plan, despite not being able to meet RTOG's recommended R50 conformality constraint.