Cleve Clin J Med 2018 01;85(1):65-68
Section of Heart Failure and Cardiac Transplantation, Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, USA.
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Acta Med Indones 2016 Apr;48(2):83
Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia-Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Cardiovascular disesase has been identified as the most frequent cause of death, while frailty has been identified as one of geriatric giants characterized by decreased physiological reserves and increased vulnerability. Despite of aggressive treatment for cardiovascular diseases such as invasive methods,frail patients who undergo these procedures tend to experience undesirable effects compared to non frail patients. As the population of elderly patiens worldwide is growing larger, these issues lead to major health problems that we have to overcome. Read More
G Ital Cardiol (Rome) 2013 Mar;14(3 Suppl 1):19-25
Frailty is a geriatric syndrome due to impaired physiological reserve and characterized by a reduced ability to cope with stressing situations. Frailty and cardiovascular diseases share a common biological pathway and cardiovascular conditions may facilitate the manifestation of clinical frailty. Frailty is identified in 25% to 50% of patients with cardiovascular diseases, with estimates varying depending on assessment methods and population under study. Read More
Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs 2015 Aug 16;14(4):303-9. Epub 2015 Jan 16.
Department of Social and Welfare Studies, University of Linkoping, Sweden.
Frailty Syndrome is one of the key health problems in geriatrics, strongly affecting poor prognosis. There is a growing interest in the relevance of this syndrome in cardiovascular disease. The diagnosis of Frailty Syndrome in the elderly cardiac population is essential for an accurate risk stratification and for making therapeutic decisions. Read More
Clin Interv Aging 2014 6;9:1677-85. Epub 2014 Oct 6.
Master's and Doctoral Programs in Physical Therapy, Universidade Cidade de São Paulo (UNICID), São Paulo, Brazil.
Background: Evidence suggests a possible bidirectional connection between cardiovascular disease (CVD) and the frailty syndrome in older people.
Purpose: To verify the relationship between CVD risk factors and the frailty syndrome in community-dwelling elderly.
Methods: This population-based study used data from the Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros (FIBRA) Network Study, a cross-sectional study designed to investigate frailty profiles among Brazilian older adults. Read More