The Mental Foramen Location in a Sample of Fully Dentate Lebanese Adults

Georges Aoun, Abbass El-Outa, Nakhle Kafrouny, Antoine Berberi

Overview

The literature reports that the location of mental foramen shows differences among races. The aim of this study was to assess the mental foramen position in a sample of Lebanese population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) technology.

Summary

The mental foramen represents an exit to blood vessels and to the mental nerve that is a branch of the inferior alveolar nerve, which makes it an important anatomical landmark to be respected during surgical interventions in the region.

Author Comments

Prof. Georges Aoun, BDS, MScD, Doctorate
Prof. Georges Aoun, BDS, MScD, Doctorate
Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University
Professor
Oral Pathology, Removable Prosthodontics, Head and Neck anatomy
Beirut, Beirut | Lebanon
This article helps prevent surgical complications in the mental foramen region.Prof. Georges Aoun, BDS, MScD, Doctorate

Resources

https://doi.org/10.5455/aim.2017.25.259-262
https://doi.org/10.5455/aim.2017.25.259-262

Assessment of the Mental Foramen Location in a Sample of Fully Dentate Lebanese Adults Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography Technology.

Authors:
Prof. Georges Aoun, BDS, MScD, Doctorate
Prof. Georges Aoun, BDS, MScD, Doctorate
Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University
Professor
Oral Pathology, Removable Prosthodontics, Head and Neck anatomy
Beirut, Beirut | Lebanon

Acta Inform Med 2017 Dec;25(4):259-262

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery; Faculty of Dental Medicine, Lebanese University, Beirut, Lebanon.

Objective: The literature reports that the location of mental foramen shows differences among races. The aim of this study was to assess the mental foramen position in a sample of Lebanese population using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) technology.

Materials And Methods: In this study, we investigated CBCT images of 50 fully dentate Lebanese adults (23 males and 27 females). We assessed the horizontal position of the mental foramen in relation with the mandibular premolars in both right and left sides and the vertical position by measuring the distance from the upper border of the foramen to the inferior border of the body of the mandible. The data obtained were statistically analyzed using Chi-square test, and two-sided t-test. Statistical significance was set at p < 0.05.

Results: In our sample, the mental foramen was mostly found in line with the second mandibular premolar in both sides and the mean distance from the superior border of the foramen to the inferior border of the body of the mandible was 13.0120 ± 0.98487 mm on the right and 13.0728 ± 0.96029 mm on the left.

Conclusion: Within the limits of this study, we concluded that in our sample of Lebanese population, there was substantial variability in the mental foramen location.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.5455/aim.2017.25.259-262DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5723193PMC
December 2017
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