Pediatr Ann 2017 Nov;46(11):e433-e436
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Emerg Nurse 2016 Apr;24(1):30-5; quiz 37
Torbay Hospital, Torquay.
Children with red swollen eyes frequently present to emergency departments. Some patients will have orbital cellulitis, a condition that requires immediate diagnosis and treatment. Orbital cellulitis can be confused with the less severe, but more frequently encountered, periorbital cellulitis, which requires less aggressive management. Read More
Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2016 Mar-Apr;32(2):e34-6
Department of Oculoplastic Surgery, Jules Stein Eye Institute, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, U.S.A.
An 87-year-old man with a history of relapsing polychondritis presented to the emergency department after 4 days of worsening left periorbital swelling and erythema. On examination, he demonstrated clinical features consistent with orbital cellulitis and was treated with a trial of intravenous antibiotics. His condition did not improve over the next 36 hours and intravenous methylprednisolone was initiated. Read More
J Craniofac Surg 2010 May;21(3):932-4
Department of Plastic Surgery, College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea.
Idiopathic orbital myositis (IOM) is a subtype of orbital inflammatory disease characterized by primarily involving the extraocular muscle. The signs and symptoms of IOM may also be seen in such processes as orbital cellulitis, primary or metastatic orbital neoplasm, carotid-cavernous fistulae, arteriovenous malformations, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and thyroid eye disease, and because there is no pathognomonic sign, symptoms, laboratory test, or radiologic findings, its diagnosis is often provisional. In our case, diagnosis of IOM was more difficult because our patient presented with proptosis after alloplastic implant insertion in the blow-out fracture. Read More
J Neuroophthalmol 2014 Mar;34(1):83-6
Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences (MRM), Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee; and Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine (DB) and Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences (PJH), Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.