Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2018 Jan 10;275(1):293-299. Epub 2017 Nov 10.
Division of Clinical and Functional Anatomy, Department of Anatomy, Histology and Embryology, Medical University of Innsbruck (MUI), Innsbruck, Austria.
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Ann Plast Surg 2014 Jan;72(1):71-4
From the *Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Chiba University, Faculty of Medicine, Chiba; Departments of †Anatomy and ‡Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Showa University, Faculty of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.
There have been many anatomical reports to date regarding the course of the facial nerve to the mimetic muscles. However, reports are relatively scarce on the detailed distribution of the terminal branches of the facial nerve to the mimetic muscles. In this study, we performed detailed examination of the terminal facial nerve branches to the mimetic muscles, particularly the branches terminating in the orbicularis oculi muscle and orbicularis oris muscle. Read More
Surg Radiol Anat 2013 Apr 29;35(3):259-62. Epub 2012 Sep 29.
Department of Maxillo-facial and Plastic Surgery, CHU Caen, Avenue de la Côte de Nacre, 14033, Caen Cedex, France.
Purpose: Direct access to the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve in the parotid is less invasive and more selective than first dissecting the nerve trunk and then finding the branches. The aim of this study was to confirm the point of reference on the skin which would give direct access to the zygomatic branch for the orbicularis oculi muscle. The skin reference point studied was on the intertragic notch/external canthus line, 2. Read More
Zhonghua Zheng Xing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2003 May;19(3):217-9
Department of Plastic Surgery, Nan Fang Hospital, First Military Medical University, Guangzhou 510515, China.
Objective: To investigate the route and scope of the facial nerve in the temporal region for clinical applications.
Methods: Temporal region dissection was performed on 12 cadavers (24 sides) under light microscope.
Results: There are two branches of the facial nerve in the temporal region from the superior margin of the parotid: the temporal branch and the zygomatic branch. Read More
Aesthetic Plast Surg 2015 Dec 23;39(6):1010-7. Epub 2015 Oct 23.
The Chula Soft Cadaver Surgical Training Center and Department of Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Chulalongkorn University, 1873 Rama 4 Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand.
Background: The auriculotemporal nerve is one of the peripheral nerves that communicates with the facial nerve. However, the function of these communications is poorly understood. Details of how these communications form and connect with each other are still unclear. Read More