Prostate cancer (PC) risk differs between races, and we previously showed prostate inflammation in benign prostate tissue was linked with a lower future PC risk. However, whether prostate tissue inflammation varies by race is unknown. We analyzed baseline acute and chronic prostate inflammation by race in REDUCE, a 4-year, multicenter, placebo-controlled study where all men had a negative prostate biopsy prior to enrollment. We included 7,982 men with standardized central pathology review to determine the presence or absence of chronic or acute inflammation in baseline prostate biopsy tissue. Logistic regression was used to compare prostate inflammation by race, adjusting for confounders. Of 7,982 men, 7,271 were white (91.1%), 180 (2.3%) black, 131 (1.6%) Asian, 319 (4.0%) Hispanic and 81 (1%) unknown. A total of 78% had chronic and 15% had acute inflammation. On multivariable analysis relative to white men, black men were less likely (OR = 0.65, 95%CI: 0.41-1.03, = 0.07) and Asian men more likely to have acute inflammation (OR = 1.74, 95%CI: 1.14-2.65, = 0.001). Hispanic men had similar levels of acute inflammation as white men. Chronic inflammation did not significantly differ across races. We identified racial differences in acute inflammation, particularly in Asian men, in benign prostate tissue that inversely mirrored population-level data on PC race disparity. As we showed in REDUCE that acute inflammation is linked with lower future PC risk, if validated in future studies, these data suggest racial differences in prostatic acute inflammation may contribute in part to race differences in PC risk, especially among Asian men.