N Engl J Med 2017 10;377(17):1648-1656
From the Departments of Neuropathology (I.B., G.H., R.C., K.K.) and Neurosurgery (K.R.) and the Epilepsy Center (H. Hamer, H.S.), University Hospital Erlangen, Erlangen, the Epilepsy Center Bethel, Krankenhaus Mara, Bielefeld (C.G.B., M.P.), the Departments of Epileptology (C.E., G.W.) and Neuropathology (A.B.), University of Bonn Medical Center, and Medical Faculty, University of Bonn (J.S.), Bonn, the Neuropediatric Clinic, Epilepsy Center for Children and Adolescents, Schön Klinik Vogtareuth, Vogtareuth (T.P., H. Holthausen, M.K., P.A.W.), the Epilepsy Center Berlin-Brandenburg, Berlin (H.J.M.), the Epilepsy Center (G.H., A.S.-B.) and Department of Neurosurgery (J.Z., D.H.H.), University Hospital, and the Department of Neuroradiology, Medical Center-University of Freiburg, and Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg (H.U.) Freiburg, Kork Epilepsy Center, Kehl-Kork (B.J.S., T.B.), the Departments of Neuropathology (S.V.) and Neurology (U.R.), University Hospital Greifswald, Greifswald, the Department of Neurology and Epileptology, Hertie Institute of Clinical Brain Research, University of Tübingen, Tübingen (H.L., Y.W.), the Department of Neurology, University of Ulm, Ulm (H.L., Y.W.), the Epilepsy Center, Department of Neurology, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Hospital, Munich (S.N., E.H., P.A.W.), Sächsisches Epilepsiezentrum Radeberg, Radeberg (T.M., M.L.), Epilepsy Center Frankfurt Rhine-Main and the Department of Neurology, Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (F.R., A.H.), the Epilepsy Center Hessen-Marburg, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg (F.R., A.H.), and the Department of Social Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Dermatology, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg (T.L.D.) - all in Germany; the Clinical Epileptology and Experimental Neurophysiology Unit (R.S.) and the Department of Neurophysiology, Epilepsy Center (G.A.), IRCCS Foundation, Neurological Institute C. Besta, and the Claudio Munari Epilepsy Surgery Center, Niguarda Hospital (L.T., G.L.R.), Milan, and the Pediatric Neurology Unit and Laboratories, Children's Hospital A. Meyer-University of Florence, Florence (R.G., C.B.) - all in Italy; Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery (K.P.B., F.L.), and the Department of (Neuro)Pathology (E.A.), University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, the Department of Neurosurgery, VU University Medical Center (J.C.B.), and the Department of (Neuro)Pathology, Academic Medisch Centrum, University of Amsterdam (E.A., A.M.), and the Department of (Neuro)Pathology, VU University Medical Center (E.A., A.M.), Amsterdam, Stichting Epilepsie Instellingen Nederland, Heemstede (E.A.), and the Department of Neurosurgery, Academic Center for Epileptology, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht (O.S.) - all in the Netherlands; the Department of Neurosurgery, Sainte-Anne Hospital, and Paris Descartes University, Paris (F.C.), the Department of Neurology, Michallon Hospital, GIN INSERM Unité 836, Grenoble Alpes University, Grenoble (P. Kahane), and the Department of Clinical Epileptology, Sleep Disorders and Functional Neurology in Children, University Hospitals of Lyon, and the Brain Dynamics and Cognition team, Lyon Neurosciences Research Center, Lyon (A.A., A.U.-C.) - all in France; the Departments of Neuropathology (M.T.) and Clinical and Experimental Epilepsy (M.C.W., S.M.S., J.S.D., A.W.M.), UCL Institute of Neurology, and the Developmental Biology and Cancer Programme (T.S.J.) and Developmental Neurosciences Program (J.H.C.), UCL-Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, and the Department of Histopathology, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children (T.S.J.), London, and Young Epilepsy, Lingfield (J.H.C.) - all in the United Kingdom; the Departments of Neurology (C.Ö.) and Pathology (B.O.), Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey; the Department of Pediatric Neurology, Motol Epilepsy Center, Charles University in Prague, and the 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic (P. Krsek); the Department of Anatomical Pathology, Hospital Pedro Hispano, Matosinhos (M.H.), and the Laboratory of Neuropathology, Department of Neurosciences, Hospital de Santa Maria-Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Norte, Lisbon (J.P.) - both in Portugal; the Epilepsy Unit, Child Neurology Department, Hospital San Juan de Dios, Barcelona (A.A., A.U.-C.); the Department of Pediatrics, Medical University Vienna, Vienna (M.F., A.M.), the Departments of Neurology (E.T.) and Neurosurgery (P.A.W.), Christian Doppler Medical Center, Paracelsus Medical University, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience, Salzburg, and the Department of Neurology I, Neuromed Campus, Kepler Universitätsklinikum, Linz (T.J.O.) - all in Austria; the Swiss Epilepsy Center and Department of Neurology, University Hospital, Zurich, Switzerland (T.G.); the Department of Neurology, Hospital Ruber Internacional, Madrid (A.G.-N., R.T.D.); and the Neurosurgical Department (B.Z.) and Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (K.G.), St. Luke's Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece.
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