Fauna and Geographical Distribution of Scorpions in Ilam Province, South Western Iran.

J Arthropod Borne Dis 2017 Jun 27;11(2):242-248. Epub 2017 May 27.

Department of Public Health, School of Health, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

Background: Scorpions' stings and their own mortalities place them among the most important health and medical problems. The dreadful features and especially their poisonous stings are considered a major cause of human stress and abhorrence/phobia. The current study aimed to study the scorpion fauna of Ilam Province, south western Iran in order to manage scorpionism related problems.

Methods: In this field-laboratory investigation during March 2014 to February 2015, different parts of Ilam Province were surveyed. Nine sampling parts were selected based on geographical situation, scorpionism reports, weather, flora, and local data. Capturing scorpion was done employing a black light, and a long forceps from dusk to midnight. The collected scorpions were placed to 70% ethyl alcohol. All specimens were determined based on the valid taxonomic keys, furthermore their sexes were studied.

Results: Out of the 391 collected scorpions, 11 species were identified as follows: , , , , , , , , , , and .

Conclusion: Eleven species of Buthidae, Scorpionidae and Hemiscorpiidae families from high risk areas were identified. Despite the low surface of the province, such different species reveals a diverse scorpion fauna that, in turn, shows good and suitable habits of scorpions, as considered by health staff.

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June 2017

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