J Diabetes 2018 Apr 21;10(4):276-285. Epub 2017 Dec 21.
Department of Epidemiology and the Welch Center for Prevention, Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.
Background: In people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), HbA1c may be a problematic measure of glycemic control. Glycated albumin and fructosamine have been proposed as better markers of hyperglycemia in CKD. In the present study we investigated associations of HbA1c, glycated albumin, and fructosamine with fasting glucose by CKD categories.
Methods: A cross-sectional analysis was performed of 1665 Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study participants with diagnosed diabetes aged ≥65 years. Spearman's rank correlations (r) were compared and Deming regression was used to obtain root mean square errors (RMSEs) for the associations across CKD categories defined using estimated glomerular filtration rate and urine albumin:creatinine ratio.
Results: Correlations of HbA1c, glycated albumin, and fructosamine with fasting glucose were lowest in people with severe CKD (HbA1c r = 0.52, RMSE = 0.91; glycated albumin r = 0.39, RMSE = 1.89; fructosamine r = 0.41, RMSE = 1.87) and very severe CKD (r = 0.48 and RMSE = 1.01 for HbA1c; r = 0.36 and RMSE = 2.14 for glycated albumin; r = 0.36 and RMSE = 2.22 for fructosamine). Associations of glycated albumin and fructosamine with HbA1c were relatively similar across CKD categories.
Conclusions: In older adults with severe or very severe CKD, HbA1c, glycated albumin, and fructosamine were not highly correlated with fasting glucose. The results suggest there may be no particular advantage of glycated albumin or fructosamine over HbA1c for monitoring glycemic control in CKD.