Clin Respir J 2018 Apr 9;12(4):1628-1634. Epub 2017 Nov 9.
Department of Pulmonary Diseases, Ataturk University School of Medicine, Yakutiye, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey.
Background: Pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a life-threatening disease. In this study, we aimed to evaluate long-term outcomes of the use of 50 mg recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) in the management of PTE in terms of relapse, pulmonary hypertension (PH), mortality and hemorrhage and to compare with the use of 100 mg rt-PA.
Methods: The study was designed as a retrospective cohort. Patients who were diagnosed as acute PTE and received either 50 or 100 mg rt-PA in a tertiary care hospital between 2010 and 2015 were included in the study. Rates of relapse, PH, mortality (in-hospital and long-term) and hemorrhage (major and minor) were calculated for each treatment group.
Results: A total 117 patients, 73 females and 44 males, were evaluated. Eighty-three patients were administered 100 mg rt-PA, and 34 were administered 50 mg rt-PA. The mean age was lower in the 100 mg group compared to the 50 mg group (61 ± 15 vs 69 ± 14 years). There was a significant decrease in PH in each group at 3 months follow-up (P < .001). Although statistically nonsignificant, the relapse rate was lower in the 50 mg rt-PA group, but the 5-year mortality rate was higher in 50 mg rt-PA group (35.2% vs 27.7%, P = .50). Mortality was associated with older age and presence of malignancy.
Conclusions: Our results suggest that both doses of rt-PA have similar efficacy. The high mortality rate in the 50 mg group may have resulted from patient selection.