Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 09 1;45(5):248-55. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
Clinic of Psychiatry of Local Healthcare Unit of Matosinhos, Portugal.
Indian J Psychiatry 1981 Oct;23(4):291-7
Professor & Head, Institute of Psychiatry, Madurai Medical College, Govt. Rajaji Hospital, Madurai.
A brief review of literature on Late Paraphrenia is offered. An analysis was made on 15 cases of late paraphrenia with reference to its frequency, sex distribution, hallucinations, delusions and sensory impairment. Late Paraphrenia formed 4% of all Geropsychiatry cases. Read More
Br J Hosp Med 1991 Dec;46(6):371-5
St Mary's Hospital Medical School, London.
Paranoid disorders of late life, commonly known as paraphrenia, are not uncommon. This article reviews the history of the concept, the classification, the possible risk factors implicated in causation and the natural history of the disorder. Evidence suggests that paraphrenia is distinct from schizophrenia and that an organic substrate probably exists in most cases. Read More
Acta Biomed 2010 Sep;81(2):130-40
Guastalla Psychiatric Service, Reggio Emilia Mental Health Department, Italy.
Paraphrenia is a chronic psychotic disorder similar to paranoid schizophrenia, but with a better-preserved affect and relation and a much less personality deterioration. It was firstly systematically described by Kraepelin in 1913 in order to define a group of psychotic patients who exhibited characteristic symptoms of dementia praecox, but with minimal disturbances of emotion and volition, and marked delusions. After the publication of the Mayer-Gross's report in 1921, the view to differentiate paraphrenia from schizophrenia was considered to be unfounded and the term "paraphrenia" was not included in the current DSM-IV-TR diagnostic criteria. Read More
Encephale 1997 Nov-Dec;23(6):459-62
Service de Psychiatrie Adulte (Pr Chevalier), Centre Hospitalier Richaud, Versailles.
A typical case report exemplifies existing links between paraphrenia and affective disorders. Kraepelin noted similarities between paraphrenia and manic-depressive illness, particularly between mania and paraphrenia confabulans. Thereafter, the German school has insisted on similarities of symptoms and course of the two entities. Read More