Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a

    Details and Download Full Text PDF:
    Development of a screening test for cognitive impairment in alcoholic population: TEDCA.

    Actas Esp Psiquiatr 2017 Sep 1;45(5):201-17. Epub 2017 Sep 1.
    Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Madrid Instituto de Investigación i+12. Madrid Red de Trastornos adictivos (RETIS) Departamento de Psiquiatría. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Complutense. Madrid.
    Introduction: Several studies have found cognitive impairment in patients with a history of alcohol use disorder, affecting their psychosocial functioning and the achievement of therapeutic goals. In order to identify these effects, several cognitive screening tests have been used, though they were not specific for alcoholic population, possibly leading to an increase in the risk of error.

    Objective: The aim of this study is to assess the main cognitive deficits in patients with history of alcohol use disorders, through the development of a specific screening test for alcohol-related cognitive impairment.

    Methodology: The TEDCA (Test of detection of cognitive impairment in alcoholism) was designed based on three dimensions: Visuospatial Cognition, Memory / Learning and Executive Function. The study was divided in two phases: During phase 1, test items with greater capacity for discrimination between patients with different levels of cognitive impairment were selected, and during phase 2, the analysis for validity and reliability indexes took place. The sample consisted of 248 participants, 88 controls (phase 2) and 160 patients (phase 1: n=70 and phase 2: n=90).

    Results: TEDCA test obtained a high reliability (Cronbach’s alpha 0.754) value and the factor analysis confirmed the presence of the three dimensions previously defined. The present screening tool also discriminated between patients and control group, together with a good diagnostic validity of cognitive impairment.

    Conclusions: TEDCA is a new screening test, which identifies the possible presence of cognitive impairment in patients with a history of alcohol use disorders, which can be used in the fields of psychiatry, primary care and research.

    Similar Publications

    [Validation of the QFS measuring the frequency and satisfaction in social behaviours in psychiatric adult population].
    Encephale 2006 Jan-Feb;32(1 Pt 1):45-59
    Département de Psychiatrie, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, 2, chemin du Petit-Bel-Air, CH-1225 Chêne-Bourg, Suisse.
    Introduction: Although everyone working in routine mental health services recognizes the scientific and ethical importance to ensure that treatments being provided are of highest quality, there is a clear lack of consensus regarding what outcome domains to include, what measure of assessment to use and, moreover, who to question when assessing.

    Literature Findings: Since the fifties, social functioning is considered as an important dimension to take into account for treatment planning and outcome measuring. But for many years, symptoms scales have been considered as sufficient outcome measures and social functioning improvement expected on the basis of symptoms alleviation. Read More
    [Differentiation of deficit and non-deficit schizophrenia based on cognitive functions].
    Ideggyogy Sz 2011 Mar;64(3-4):128-32
    Semmelweis Egyetem, Pszichiátriai és Pszichoterápiás Klinika, Budapest.
    Cognitive dysfunction is a core feature in schizophrenia and has a great impact on psychosocial functioning. Still it remains unclear, whether the different diagnostic subgroups have a specific cognitive profile. The topic of this research was to investigate the neurocognitive characteristics of deficit and non-deficit schizophrenia, and to examine if the two diagnostic subgroups have a qualitative difference in cognitive functioning. Read More
    [Interest of a new instrument to assess cognition in schizophrenia: The Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS)].
    Encephale 2008 Dec 9;34(6):557-62. Epub 2008 Jul 9.
    Service de psychiatrie, CHI de Clermont-de-l'Oise, Clermont-de-l'Oise, France.
    Background: An increasing interest in the study of cognition in Schizophrenia has developed within the last few years although cognitive problems have been described in this disorder since the beginning of the 20th century. Presently, various data tend to assert that cognitive disorders are the core disturbance in schizophrenia and that their severity is predictive of the course of the disease. Indeed, studies have shown that the disturbances measured in cognitive tests are neither the consequences of positive or negative symptoms, nor related to motivation or global intellectual deficit, nor to anti-psychotic medication. Read More