Bioorg Med Chem 2017 10 19;25(20):5849-5858. Epub 2017 Sep 19.
Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Biochemistry, University of Genoa, V.le Benedetto XV 1, 16132 Genoa, Italy; CEBR, University of Genova, V.le Benedetto XV, 7, 16132 Genoa, Italy. Electronic address:
The NAD-dependent deacetylase SIRT6 is an emerging cancer drug target, whose inhibition sensitizes cancer cells to chemo-radiotherapy and has pro-differentiating effects. Here we report on the identification of novel SIRT6 inhibitors with a salicylate-based structure. The new SIRT6 inhibitors show improved potency and specificity compared to the hit inhibitor identified in an in silico compound screen. As predicted based on SIRT6 biological roles, the new leads increase histone 3 lysine 9 acetylation and glucose uptake in cultured cells, while blocking TNF-α production and T lymphocyte proliferation. Notably, the new SIRT6 inhibitors effectively sensitize pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine. Finally, studies of compound fingerprinting and pharmacokinetics defined the drug-like properties of one of the new SIRT6 inhibitors, potentially allowing for subsequent in vivo proof-of-concept studies. In conclusion, new SIRT6 inhibitors with a salicylate-like structure were identified, which are active in cells and could potentially find applications in disease conditions, including cancer and immune-mediated disorders.