A Preliminary Experimental Investigation of Emotion Dysregulation and Impulsivity in Risky Behaviours.

Behav Change 2015 Jun 29;32(2):127-142. Epub 2015 May 29.

University of Mississippi Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior.

This prospective experimental study sought to examine the unique effects of emotion dysregulation and impulsivity on risky behaviors over time. To this end, 20 African American women enrolled in a historically black university in the southern United States were randomly assigned to receive one of two brief empirically-supported skills training modules (i.e., emotion modulation [EM] or impulsivity reduction [IR]). Participants completed measures of emotion dysregulation, impulsivity, and past-week risky behaviors before (pre-) and one week after (post-) the experimental manipulation. Participants assigned to the EM condition reported significant improvements from pre- to post-manipulation in overall emotion dysregulation (as well as all specific dimensions of emotion dysregulation other than lack of emotional awareness), as well as two dimensions of impulsivity: negative and positive urgency. Participants assigned to the IR condition reported a significant decrease in one dimension of impulsivity (lack of premeditation) from pre- to post-manipulation. Findings also revealed a significant effect of time on risky behaviors, with participants reporting significantly fewer past-week risky behaviors at the post- (vs. pre-) manipulation assessment. Finally, changes in emotion dysregulation from pre- to post-manipulation accounted for the observed reduction in risky behaviors over time (above and beyond changes in impulsivity dimensions). Results highlight the relevance of emotion dysregulation to risky behaviors and suggest that treatments targeting emotion dysregulation may be useful in reducing risky behaviors.

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Source
https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S081348391
Publisher Site
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/bec.2015.5DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5606193PMC
June 2015
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