Missense variants in the chromatin remodeler are associated with neurodevelopmental disability.

J Med Genet 2018 08 2;55(8):561-566. Epub 2017 Sep 2.

McKusick-Nathans Institute of Genetic Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.

Background: The list of Mendelian disorders of the epigenetic machinery has expanded rapidly during the last 5 years. A few missense variants in the chromatin remodeler have been found in several large-scale sequencing efforts focused on uncovering the genetic aetiology of autism.

Objectives: To explore whether variants in are associated with a human phenotype.

Methods: We used GeneMatcher to identify other physicians caring for patients with variants in . We also explored the epigenetic consequences of one of these variants in cultured fibroblasts.

Results: Here we describe six heterozygous missense variants in a cohort of patients with autism, speech apraxia, developmental delay and facial dysmorphic features. Importantly, three of these variants occurred de novo. We also report on a subject with a de novo deletion covering a large fraction of the gene without any obvious neurological phenotype. Finally, we demonstrate increased levels of the closed chromatin modification H3K27me3 in fibroblasts from a subject carrying a de novo variant in .

Conclusions: Our results suggest that variants in can lead to diverse phenotypic outcomes; however, the neurodevelopmental phenotype appears to be limited to patients with missense variants, which is compatible with a dominant negative mechanism of disease.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jmedgenet-2017-104759DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5834353PMC
August 2018

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