Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr 2017 Aug 25;85(8):450-462. Epub 2017 Aug 25.
Klinik für Hals-, Nasen- und Ohrenheilkunde, Universitätsmedizin Göttingen.
The treatment of laryngeal dystonias with botulinum toxin is successful. Every patient suffering from a laryngeal dystonia should be assured of high quality therapeutic intervention. Therefore it is important to establish general standards by experts in this field. In this connection, we want to focus here on different relevant aspects of laryngeal dystonias. This includes new aspects in etiology, anatomical landmarks for the injection, standards in diagnostics and therapy and finally open issues needing discussion.