The draft genome of the hyperthermophilic archaeon strain hulk, an iron and nitrate reducer, reveals the capacity for sulfate reduction.

Stand Genomic Sci 2017 15;12:47. Epub 2017 Aug 15.

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI USA.

strain Hulk is a newly sequenced strain isolated from chimney samples collected from the Hulk sulfide mound on the main Endeavour Segment of the Juan de Fuca Ridge (47.9501 latitude, -129.0970 longitude, depth 2200 m) in the Northeast Pacific Ocean. The draft genome of strain Hulk shared 99.77% similarity with the complete genome of the type strain Su06, which shares with strain Hulk the ability to reduce iron and nitrate for respiration. The annotation of the genome of strain Hulk identified genes for the reduction of several sulfur-containing electron acceptors, an unsuspected respiratory capability in this species that was experimentally confirmed for strain Hulk. This makes strain Hulk the first hyperthermophilic archaeon known to gain energy for growth by reduction of iron, nitrate, and sulfur-containing electron acceptors. Here we present the most notable features of the genome of strain Hulk and identify genes encoding proteins critical to its respiratory versatility at high temperatures. The description presented here corresponds to a draft genome sequence containing 2,042,801 bp in 9 contigs, 2019 protein-coding genes, 53 RNA genes, and 1365 hypothetical genes.

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http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40793-017-0260-4DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5556600PMC
August 2017
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