Vet Ophthalmol 2018 May 3;21(3):240-248. Epub 2017 Aug 3.
BluePearl Veterinary Partners, Tampa, FL, 33614, USA.
Objectives: To report the cumulative incidence of retinal detachment (RD) and glaucoma following phacoemulsification in Boston Terriers and Shih Tzu in the southeastern United States over a 14-year period and investigate the potential predisposing risk factors.
Methods: Medical records of 83 Shih Tzu and 52 Boston Terriers that underwent phacoemulsification between 2000 and 2014, with or without intraocular lens placement, were reviewed. For a comparison population, phacoemulsification data from 45 Labrador Retrievers, 73 Schnauzers, and 159 Bichon Frises were evaluated. Information collected included signalment, concurrent systemic diseases, preoperative findings, surgical details, postoperative complications, and duration of follow-up. Percentages of patients to develop RD and glaucoma were assessed, as well as potential risk factors. Minimum of 3 months of follow-up after surgery was required for inclusion.
Results: Retinal detachment occurred in 7.7% (7/91 eyes) and 8.9% (11/123 eyes) and glaucoma occurred in 38.0% (35/91 eyes) and 29.3% (36/123 eyes) of Boston Terriers and Shih Tzu, respectively. Mean follow-up time was 804 days. Neither Boston Terriers nor Shih Tzu were at increased risk for RD or glaucoma when compared to the other breeds, and no significant risk factors for either breed were identified in the final multivariate analysis.
Conclusions: The cumulative incidence of RD in Boston Terrier and Shih Tzu reported here was in agreement with previously reported nonbreed specific percentages (2.7-8.4%). The cumulative incidence of glaucoma in this population of Boston Terriers and Shih Tzu was higher than previously reported nonbreed specific percentages (5.1-18.8%).