Semin Diagn Pathol 2017 Sep 28;34(5):427-437. Epub 2017 May 28.
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
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BMC Infect Dis 2017 02 13;17(1):142. Epub 2017 Feb 13.
Department of Chemical Pathology, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences, P.O. Box A178, Avondale, Harare, Zimbabwe.
Background: There is paucity data on the association of vitamin D deficiency (VDD) and active tuberculosis (TB) in southern Africa where the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is co-endemic. We examined the association of serum vitamin D concentrations with active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in HIV-infected (n = 284) and uninfected (n = 267) Black Zimbabweans, in Harare, Zimbabwe.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 551 participants comprising 145 HIV/PTB , 139 HIV/PTB, 134 HIV/PTB and 133 HIV/PTB. Read More
J Am Coll Cardiol 2016 08;68(7):774-5
BMC Pediatr 2016 05 14;16:66. Epub 2016 May 14.
Department of Pediatrics, Universal College of Medical Sciences, Bhairahawa, Nepal.
Background: Phenytoin, mainly metabolized by cytochrome P450 enzyme system, has a narrow therapeutic index and may have adverse effects due to inter-individual variation in the dose requirement and genetic polymorphisms. This cross-sectional study was done to study the prevalence of cytochrome P450 CYP2C9 polymorphisms in Indian epileptic children and to see the effect of polymorphisms on serum levels in epileptic children on phenytoin monotherapy.
Methods: We studied 89 epileptic children of North Indian population, randomly selected, to see the genotypic and allelic frequency of CYP2C9 and its association with drug levels on phenytoin monotherapy. Read More
J Nematol 2014 Mar;46(1):18-26
Division of Nematology, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi 110012, India.
Under laboratory conditions, the biocontrol potential of Steinernema thermophilum was tested against eggs and larval stages of two important lepidopteran insect pests, Helicoverpa armigera and Spodoptera litura (polyphagous pests), as well as Galleria mellonella (used as a model host). In terms of host susceptibility of lepidopteran larvae to S. thermophilum, based on the LC50 36 hr after treatment, G. Read More
Trends Parasitol 2014 Feb 31;30(2):85-94. Epub 2013 Dec 31.
Department of Medicine, Royal Melbourne Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
Pregnant women have an increased risk of malaria infection, independent of previously acquired immunity. Women in their first pregnancy and children under the age of five are the primary victims of malaria worldwide. Pregnant women develop antibodies against placenta-adhesive parasites in a parity-dependent manner. Read More