Adv Radiat Oncol 2017 Apr-Jun;2(2):235-243. Epub 2017 Jan 24.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Purpose: To report the results of a prospective study that compares small bowel doses during prone and supine pelvic intensity modulated radiation therapy.
Methods And Materials: Ten patients receiving pelvic radiation therapy each had 2 intensity modulated radiation therapy plans generated: supine and prone on a belly board (PBB). Computed tomography on rails was performed weekly throughout treatment in both positions (10 scans per patient). After image fusion, doses to small bowel (SB) loops and clinical target volume were calculated for each scan. Changes between the planned and received doses were analyzed and compared between positions. The impact of bladder filling on SB dose was also assessed.
Results: Prone treatment was associated with significantly lower volumes of SB receiving ≥20 Gy. On average, prone on a belly board positioning reduced the volume of SB receiving a given dose of radiation by 28% compared with supine positioning. Target coverage throughout the treatment course was similar in both positions with an average minimum clinical target volume dose of 88% of the prescribed prone dose and 89% of the supine ( = .54). For supine treatment, SB dose was inversely correlated with bladder filling ( = .001-.013; > .15 for prone). For 96% of treatments, the volume of SB that received a given dose deviated >10% from the plan. The deviation between the planned and delivered doses to SB did not differ significantly between the positions.
Conclusions: Prone positioning on a belly board during pelvic IMRT consistently reduces the volume of SB that receives a broad range of radiation doses. Prone IMRT is associated with interfraction dose variation to SB that is similar to that of supine positioning. These findings suggest that prone positioning with daily image guided radiation therapy is an effective method for maximizing SB sparing during pelvic IMRT.