Anticancer Res 2017 08;37(8):4635-4641
Department of Interventional MRI, Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong University, Jinan, P.R. China
Aim: To prospectively estimate the safety, feasibility and accuracy of 1.0T open-magnetic resonance (MR)-guided percutaneous biopsy in free-hand of focal lesions located in the hepatic dome.
Materials And Methods: All percutaneous MR-guided biopsies of the lesions were performed at the Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute. Thirty-six patients with focal liver lesions located in the hepatic dome measuring 6-36 mm in the maximum diameter were included in this study. Lesions were divided into two groups on the basis of maximum nodule diameters: ≤1.5 cm (n=14) and >1.5 cm (n=22). Surgical pathology of nodules or clinical and imaging follow-up for at least 12 months were used to establish final diagnosis. Diagnostic accuracy, specificity, sensitivity, average procedure time and complications were recorded and analyzed.
Results: All obtained samples were sufficient for diagnosis. Accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of MRI-guided percutaneous liver lesions biopsy in diagnosing malignant tumors were 97.2%, 96.7% and 100%, respectively. Accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were 92.9%, 90.9% and 100% for the lesions that were 1.5 cm or smaller in diameter and 100%, 100% and 100% for lesions larger than 1.5 cm in diameter, respectively. There was no significant difference between the two groups (p>0.05). The average procedure time for each pass of the needle from skin entry to the target lesion was 1.1 min and the total procedural time was 28.5 min. Biopsy-induced complications included peri-hepatic hemorrhage in 8.3% (3/36) of cases. No serious complications occurred.
Conclusion: 1.0T open-MR-guided free-hand percutaneous biopsy is a safe, feasible and highly accurate diagnostic method for pathological diagnosis of focal liver lesions located in the hepatic dome.