Arch Plast Surg 2017 Jul 15;44(4):266-275. Epub 2017 Jul 15.
Area88 Plastic Surgery Clinic, Seoul, Korea.
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J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2012 Sep 23;65(9):e241-5. Epub 2012 Mar 23.
Taylor Laboratory, Room E533, Department of Anatomy and Neuroscience, University of Melbourne, Grattan St, Parkville, 3050 Victoria, Australia.
Background: Lore's fascia and the platysma-auricular ligament are discreet fascial structures anterior and inferior to the auricle respectively. The nomenclature and descriptions of these structures have been presented inconsistently in the literature. There is also concern that placement of platysma suspension sutures into these structures may risk damage to the underlying facial nerve trunk. Read More
Plast Reconstr Surg 1989 Jan;83(1):11-6
Division of Plastic Surgery, University of California, Irvine.
The zygomatic ligaments (McGregor's patch) anchor the skin of the cheek to the inferior border of the zygoma just posterior to the origin of the zygomaticus minor muscle. The mandibular ligaments tether the overlying skin to the anterior mandible. Both these ligaments are obstacles to surgical maneuvers intended to advance the overlying skin. Read More
Plast Reconstr Surg 2013 Feb;131(2):245e-252e
Department of Plastic Surgery, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio 44195, USA.
Background: The transition zone between cheek superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) and malar SMAS is difficult to raise because of proximity of zygomatic nerve branches. The authors attempted to clarify the three-dimensional anatomy of the retaining ligaments in relation to nerve branches in this area.
Methods: Facial dissection was performed on 22 cadaver hemifaces. Read More
Aesthet Surg J 2017 05;37(5):495-501
Assistant Professor of Facial Plastic Surgery, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.
Background: The cervical retaining ligaments anchor the platysma and soft tissues of the neck to the deep cervical fascia and deeper skeletal structures. The cervical retaining ligaments tether the platysma and prohibit free mobilization and redraping of the platysma muscle in rhytidectomy. This ligament system has previously been described in the literature only qualitatively. Read More