Magn Reson Med 2018 04 19;79(4):1911-1921. Epub 2017 Jul 19.
Department of Radiology, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA.
Purpose: Optical prospective motion correction substantially reduces sensitivity to motion in neuroimaging of human subjects. However, a major barrier to clinical deployment has been the time-consuming cross-calibration between the camera and MRI scanner reference frames. This work addresses this challenge.
Methods: A single camera was mounted onto the head coil for tracking head motion. Two new methods were developed: (1) a rapid calibration method for camera-to-scanner cross-calibration using a custom-made tool incorporating wireless active markers, and (2) a calibration adjustment method to compensate for table motion between scans. Both methods were tested at 1.5T and 3T in vivo. Simulations were performed to determine the required mechanical tolerance for repositioning of the camera.
Results: The rapid calibration method is completed in a short (<30 s) scan, which is carried out only once per installation. The calibration adjustment method requires no extra scan time and runs automatically whenever the system is used. The mechanical tolerance analysis indicates that most motion (90% reduction in voxel displacement) could be corrected even with far larger camera repositioning errors than are observed in practice.
Conclusion: The methods presented here allow calibration of sufficient quality to be carried out and maintained with no additional technologist workload. Magn Reson Med 79:1911-1921, 2018. © 2017 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.