Indian J Pediatr 2017 Dec 14;84(12):945-952. Epub 2017 Jul 14.
Cornea & Refractive Services, Aravind Eye Hospital & PG Institute of Ophthalmology, 1, Anna Nagar, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, 625 020, India.
Extraocular infection is a frequently encountered problem in children including neonates and infants. Prompt recognition of the extraocular disease and management at first contact reduces the ocular morbidity and visual impairment. Delay in administering appropriate therapy and referral to an eye care personnel may result in blindness; sometimes bilateral, due to severe ophthalmia neonatorum. This review is mainly aimed at offering basic, brief information about common extraocular infections prevalent among infants and children living in developing countries as a ready reference to practising pediatricians and neonatologists. Through this review, the pediatricians, as the first contact may feel confident and comfortable in managing ocular infection in pediatric population particularly living in remote rural and tribal region. Literature search was made by retrieving related publications through peer reviewed journals, PUBMED and Cochrane meta-analysis.