Rev Med Interne 2017 Jul 10. Epub 2017 Jul 10.
Service de pathologies professionnelles et maintien en emploi, CHRU de Lille, Lille, France; Laboratoire de recherche, EA4487 axe droit/santé-travail, Lille, France. Electronic address:
Between 9000 and 14000 people have systemic sclerosis (ScS) in France. The work is often affected. Our study aims to assess the frequency of professional difficulties (DP) of scleroderma patients, identify these DP, the symptoms involved and the solutions used. A heteroquestionnaire was offered to scleroderma patients the Lille University Hospital. Data were cross-checked with the clinical database of the National Observatory of scleroderma patients. We used 104 questionnaires of which 84% are women. A total of 62.5%, (95% CI [52.5 to 71.8]) patients had experienced DP related to SSc, 55% reported symptoms worsened at work, 41% lower efficiency and a 19% job loss. Symptoms responsible for their DP were mainly asthenia, Raynaud syndrome, arthralgias and finger ulcerations. Only 40% of patients in difficulty were initiating steps with the county home for disabled people and 45% in informing their doctor at work (MT). The MT information absence was related to a misunderstanding of possible aid in 45% of cases, 57% of patients had not found a solution, 41% of them have lost their jobs and 31% of patients in the cohort experienced a drop in income. The impact of SSc the work is important. The aid job retention devices are under-used due to lack of knowledge of steps to take and the role of MT. Taking into account the symptoms responsible for PD must be improved to participate in this retention.