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    Embolization of a large progressive symptomatic desmoid tumor in the rectus muscle of a female patient with multiple sclerosis: a case report.

    Acta Chir Belg 2017 Jun 22:1-4. Epub 2017 Jun 22.
    a Department of General and Abdominal Surgery , ZNA Middelheim , Antwerp , Belgium.
    Introduction: Desmoid tumors are benign tumors, yet can lead to significant morbidity due to aggressive local expansions. Treatment starts with a wait-and-see policy, however, more aggressive treatments like broad margin resection surgery might be necessary in case of tumor progression.

    Patients And Methods: We report the case of a 26-year-old female with a symptomatic desmoid tumor in the left rectus muscle. The initial wait-and-see policy led to an increase in tumor size and progression of symptoms. Computed tomography (CT) angiography revealed a dominant arterial blood supply via a branch of the inferior epigastric artery. We then performed a super selective embolization of the dominant arterial blood supply, to avoid the need for broad margin resection.

    Results: At three months follow-up, the patient was asymptomatic and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed no residual tumor. At nine months follow-up, MRI scan reconfirmed the successful outcome.

    Conclusions: Embolization of a primary supplying vessel of a desmoid tumor is a viable treatment option. However, scientific evidence remains limited and further research is mandatory for inclusion in evidence based treatment algorithms.
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