J Microencapsul 2017 Mar 5;34(2):121-131. Epub 2017 Mar 5.
e Department of Textile Engineering, Functional Fibrous Structures & Environmental Enhancement (FFSEE) , Amirkabir University of Technology , Tehran , Iran.
This study suggested successful encapsulation of polyhexamethylene biguanide chloride (PHMB) into nano cationic liposome as a biocompatible antibacterial agent with less cytotoxicity and higher activities. Phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol and stearylamine were used to prepare nano cationic liposome using thin film hydration method along with sonication or homogeniser. Sonication was more effective in PHMB loaded nano cationic liposome preparation with smaller size (34 nm). FTIR, H NMR and XRD analyses were used to confirm the encapsulation of PHMB into nano cationic liposome. PHMB inclusion in nano cationic liposome was beneficial for increased antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. PHMB-loaded cationic liposome enables to deliver high concentrations of the antibacterial agent into the infectious cell. The cytotoxicity of PHMB entrapped in positively charged liposome was prominently reduced showing no significant visible detrimental effect on normal primary human skin fibroblast cell lines morphology confirming the effective role of cationic liposome encapsulation. Comparing with PHMB alone, encapsulation of PHMB in nano cationic liposome resulted in significant increase in cell viability from 2.4 to 63%.