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    Attention capture by faces.
    Cognition 2008 Apr 4;107(1):330-42. Epub 2007 Sep 4.
    Department of Psychology, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, UK.
    We report three experiments that investigate whether faces are capable of capturing attention when in competition with other non-face objects. In Experiment 1a participants took longer to decide that an array of objects contained a butterfly target when a face appeared as one of the distracting items than when the face did not appear in the array. This irrelevant face effect was eliminated when the items in the arrays were inverted in Experiment 1b ruling out an explanation based on some low-level image-based properties of the faces. Read More
    Reprint of: The amygdala and FFA track both social and non-social face dimensions.
    Neuropsychologia 2011 Mar;49(4):630-9
    Department of Psychology, New York University, New York, NY, USA.
    The amygdala is thought to perform a number of social functions, and has received much attention for its role in processing social properties of faces. In particular, it has been shown to respond more to facial expressions than to neutral faces, and more to positively valenced and negatively valenced faces than faces in the middle of the continuum. However, when these findings are viewed in the context of a multidimensional face space, an important question emerges. Read More
    Prolonged visual experience in adulthood modulates holistic face perception.
    PLoS One 2008 May 28;3(5):e2317. Epub 2008 May 28.
    Unité Cognition et Développement et Laboratoire de Neurophysiologie, Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Ottignies, Belgium.
    Background: Using the well-known composite illusion as a marker of the holistic perception of faces, we tested how prolonged visual experience with a specific population of faces (4- to 6-year-old children) modulates the face perception system in adulthood.

    Methodology/principal Findings: We report a face composite effect that is larger for adult than children faces in a group of adults without experience with children faces ("children-face novices"), while it is of equal magnitude for adults and children faces in a population of preschool teachers ("children-face experts"). When considering preschool teachers only, we observed a significant correlation between the number of years of experience with children faces and the differential face composite effect between children and adults faces. Read More
    Visual adaptation of the perception of "life": animacy is a basic perceptual dimension of faces.
    Psychon Bull Rev 2014 Aug;21(4):969-75
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Science and McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA,
    One critical component of understanding another's mind is the perception of "life" in a face. However, little is known about the cognitive and neural mechanisms underlying this perception of animacy. Here, using a visual adaptation paradigm, we ask whether face animacy is (1) a basic dimension of face perception and (2) supported by a common neural mechanism across distinct face categories defined by age and species. Read More