Arch Plast Surg 2017 May 22;44(3):228-233. Epub 2017 May 22.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, St George's Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.
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J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg 2014 Aug 15;67(8):1118-24. Epub 2014 May 15.
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Norwich, UK; Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, Norwich Medical School, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK. Electronic address:
Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory disease affecting the apocrine glands of the axillary, groin and mammary regions with significant physical and psychosocial sequelae. Surgical excision of the affected tissue is the gold standard treatment. Severe axillary HS is associated with high rates of recurrence and requires extensive surgical resection with challenging reconstruction associated with risk of post-operative complications. Read More
Ann Chir Plast Esthet 2014 Feb 28;59(1):29-34. Epub 2013 Nov 28.
Department of plastic reconstructive and aesthetic surgery, hôpital nord, CHU d'Amiens, place Victor-Pauchet, 80054 Amiens cedex 1, France. Electronic address:
Axillary hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic and debilitating disease that primarily affects the axillae, perineum, and inframammary areas. Surgical removal of all the diseased skin constitutes the only efficient treatment. Covering an axillary fossa defect is challenging, due to the range of shoulder movement required. Read More
Aesthetic Plast Surg 2010 Dec 30;34(6):785-92. Epub 2010 Jun 30.
Hospital General Universitario de Alicante, Spain.
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory disease of the apocrine glands characterized by recurrent abscesses, draining sinus tracts, and scarring that can be located in the groin, axilla, perineal, and perianal areas and less frequently in the scalp area. The chronic and relapsing nature of hidradenitis suppurativa leads to physical and psychological damage because it frequently causes disabling pain, diminished range of motion, and social isolation. Surgical removal of all apocrine glands in the affected region is the definitive treatment because conservative treatment usually does not prevent recurrence of hidradenitis suppurativa. Read More
Br J Plast Surg 2002 Mar;55(2):124-8
St Andrew's Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery, Broomfield Hospital, Chelmsford, UK.
Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic socially debilitating disorder of unknown aetiology. Treatments include simple incision and drainage, excision and healing by secondary intention, spilt-skin grafting, and local-flap reconstructions. All of these methods can leave unsightly scars. Read More