Aktuelle Urol 2017 May 20;48(3):243-247. Epub 2017 Apr 20.
Technische Universität München.
National and international guidelines recommend fosfomycin trometamol, nitrofurantoin, nitroxoline, and pivmecillinam as first-line agents for the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis. is by far the leading cause of community-acquired urinary tract infections. Pivmecillinam (X-SYSTO) is an oral prodrug of mecillinam, a penicillin derivative that was reintroduced to the German market in March 2016. This study aimed to investigate the proportion of mecillinam-resistant strains among isolates prior to the introduction of X-SYSTO in Germany.An study was carried out to determine the minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of mecillinam against 494 urine isolates of (including multidrug-resistant strains). Isolates were obtained from outpatients and collected in 25 laboratories between October and December 2013. MIC breakpoints defined by the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) were applied for classifying the bacterial isolates as mecillinam-susceptible (MIC ≤ 8 mg/l) or resistant (MIC > 8 mg/l).The concentrations of mecillinam needed to inhibit 50 % and 90 % of the test isolates were 1 and 4 mg/l, respectively, for isolates displaying the extended spectrum β-lactamase phenotype, and 0.25 and 4 mg/l, respectively, for the remaining isolates. Overall, 98 % of the isolates were found to be mecillinam-susceptible (MIC ≤ 8 mg/l), and 2 % were found to be resistant (MIC > 8 mg/l).These findings support the recommendation to regard pivmecillinam as a first-line option for the treatment of acute uncomplicated cystitis.