Search our Database of Scientific Publications and Authors

I’m looking for a
    Etiology and pathogenesis of diverticulosis coli: a new approach.
    Med Hypotheses 1988 May;26(1):17-20
    The paper describes a hypothesis as to the etiology and pathogenesis of diverticulosis coli. Colonic diverticulosis develops as a result of excessive straining at defecation due to habitual bowel emptying in a sitting posture, which is typical of Western man. The magnitude of straining during habitual bowel emptying in a sitting posture is at least three-fold more than in a squatting posture and upon urge. The latter defecation posture is typical of latrine pit users in underdeveloped nations. The bowels of Western man are subjected to lifelong excessive pressures which result in protrusions of mucosa through the bowel wall at points of least resistance. This hypothesis is consistent with recent findings of elastosis of the bowel wall muscles, the distribution of diverticula along the colon, as well as with epidemiological data on the emergence of diverticulosis coli as a medical problem and its geographic prevalence.

    Similar Publications

    Primary constipation: an underlying mechanism.
    Med Hypotheses 1989 Feb;28(2):71-3
    Primary (simple) constipation is a consequence of habitual bowel elimination on common toilet seats. A considerable proportion of the population with normal bowel movement frequency has difficulty emptying their bowels, the principal cause of which is the obstructive nature of the recto-anal angle and its association with the sitting posture normally used in defecation. The only natural defecation posture for a human being is squatting. Read More
    Comparison of straining during defecation in three positions: results and implications for human health.
    Dig Dis Sci 2003 Jul;48(7):1201-5
    The aim of the study was to compare the straining forces applied when sitting or squatting during defecation. Twenty-eight apparently healthy volunteers (ages 17-66 years) with normal bowel function were asked to use a digital timer to record the net time needed for sensation of satisfactory emptying while defecating in three alternative positions: sitting on a standard-sized toilet seat (41-42 cm high), sitting on a lower toilet seat (31-32 cm high), and squatting. They were also asked to note their subjective impression of the intensity of the defecation effort. Read More
    Pathogenesis of colonic diverticulitis and diverticulosis.
    Postgrad Med 1976 Dec;60(6):76-81
    Colonic diverticula result from herniation of the mucosa through weak spots in the muscular wall. Clinically manifested diverticulitis has been thought to have its pathologic basis in an abscessed diverticulum obstructed by a fecalith, but studies of resected sigmoids have failed to produce evidence to support this view. Instead, the outstanding lesion was found to be a perforation in the fundus of a diverticulum, with surrounding peridiverticular or pericolic inflammation. Read More
    The pathology of diverticulosis coli.
    J Clin Gastroenterol 2004 May-Jun;38(5 Suppl 1):S11-6
    Department of Pathology, New York University, 560 First Avenue, TH-461, New York, NY 10016, USA.
    Left-sided diverticulosis coli is a common condition in western communities, with 30% to 50% of adults over the age of 60 being affected. It predominantly involves the sigmoid colon. The diverticula (pseudodiverticula) are pockets of mucosa bounded by muscularis mucosae and invested with a thin layer of submucosa, that are forced out through weak points in the muscularis propria, the tips ending in the colonic subserosa. Read More