The Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome and Its Components among People with Type 2 Diabetes in the Ho Municipality, Ghana: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Authors:
Sylvester Yao Lokpo
Sylvester Yao Lokpo
University of Health and Allied Sciences
Assistant Lecturer
Metabolic and infectious disease epidemiology
Ho, Volta Region | Ghana

Int J Chronic Dis 2017 12;2017:8765804. Epub 2017 Feb 12.

Diabetic Clinic, Ho Municipal Hospital, Ghana Health Service, Ho, Volta Region, Ghana.

The cooccurrence of diabetes mellitus and metabolic syndrome potentiates the cardiovascular risk associated with each of the conditions; therefore characterizing metabolic syndrome among people with type 2 diabetes is beneficial for the purpose of cardiovascular disease prevention. This study aims at evaluating the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components among 162 patients with type 2 diabetes attending the diabetic clinic of the Ho Municipal Hospital, Ghana. Data obtained included anthropometric indices, blood pressure, serum lipids, glucose, and sociodemographics and clinical information. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome among the study population was 43.83%, 63.58%, and 69.14% using the NCEP-ATP III, the WHO, and the IDF criteria, respectively. The most predominant component among the study population was high blood pressure using the NCEP-ATP III (108 (66.67%)) and WHO (102 (62.96)) criteria and abdominal obesity (112 (69.14%)) for IDF criteria. High blood pressure was the most prevalent component among the males while abdominal obesity was the principal component among the females. In this population with type 2 diabetes, high prevalence of metabolic syndrome exists. Gender vulnerability to metabolic syndrome and multiple cluster components were skewed towards the female subpopulation with type 2 diabetes.

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Source
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2017/8765804DOI Listing
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5331170PMC
February 2017
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References

(Supplied by CrossRef)

Ghana Medical Journal 2011

The Lancet 2001

International Journal of Research in Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences 2012

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