Neuropsychology 2017 May 27;31(4):424-436. Epub 2017 Feb 27.
Department of Psychiatry, Saint-Luc University Hospital.
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Psychopharmacology (Berl) 2017 04 31;234(7):1059-1068. Epub 2017 Jan 31.
Laboratory for Experimental Psychopathology, Psychological Science Research Institute, Université Catholique de Louvain, 10 Place du Cardinal Mercier, B-1348, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium.
Rationale: The cognitive deficits observed in young binge drinkers have been largely documented during the last decade. Yet, these earlier studies have mainly focused on high-level cognitive abilities (particularly memory and executive functions), and uncertainty thus still abounds regarding the integrity of less complex cognitive processes in binge drinking. This is particularly true for attentional abilities, which play a crucial role in behavior regulation and are impaired in other alcohol-related disorders. Read More
Prog Brain Res 2009 ;176:259-76
Centre of Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India.
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder. Typical development of attentional processes is rapid during early childhood. ADHD results in impairment in response inhibition, error monitoring, attentional disengagement, executive attention, and delay aversion and may effect the ongoing development of these processes during childhood. Read More
J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2008 Dec;49(12):1339-47
School of Psychology and Trinity College Institute of Neuroscience, University of Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland.
Background: An important theory of attention suggests that there are three separate networks that execute discrete cognitive functions. The 'alerting' network acquires and maintains an alert state, the 'orienting' network selects information from sensory input and the 'conflict' network resolves conflict that arises between potential responses. This theory holds promise for dissociating discrete patterns of cognitive impairment in disorders where attentional deficits may often be subtle, such as in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Read More
Neuropsychologia 2010 Jan;48(1):171-8
Cerebral Function Unit, Greater Manchester Neuroscience Centre, Salford Royal NHS Foundation Trust, M6 8HD, UK.
People with Huntington's disease (HD) commonly report difficulty carrying out two everyday tasks simultaneously. This difficulty, confirmed by experimental studies, is typically ascribed to impaired attention. Yet, dual-task problems extend to relatively simple tasks, such as walking and talking, which would ordinarily be considered relatively undemanding of attention. Read More