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    [Paraviral exanthems].
    Hautarzt 2017 Mar;68(3):211-216
    Department of Dermatology, Godavari Foundation Medical College and Research Center, DUPMCJ, Nashik, Indien.
    Paraviral exanthems are distinct skin diseases due to infections with different viruses. Although no virus has been identified so far in some exanthems, the main age of manifestation, the clinical course of the exanthem, and the extracutaneous symptoms are suggestive for a viral genesis. While many viral infections are a direct result of the infection, paraviral exanthems reflect the response of the immune system to the infectious pathogens. Viruses cannot be identified in the skin. Typical paraviral exanthems include Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, pityriasis rosea, pityriasis lichenoides, papular-purpuric gloves and sock syndrome, and asymmetrical periflexural exanthema. Unilateral mediothoracic exanthem, eruptive pseudoangiomatosis are rare and eruptive hypomelanosis has been described recently.

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    Paraviral exanthems.
    Expert Rev Anti Infect Ther 2016 Jun;14(6):601-11
    c School of Public Health and Primary Care , The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Prince of Wales Hospital , Shatin , Hong Kong.
    Introduction: Paraviral exanthems are skin diseases suspected to be caused by viruses, with a single virus-exanthem relationship not universally accepted. Although most paraviral exanthems are self-remitting, accurate diagnoses are important as some patients might develop complications. Some of the differential diagnoses might cause serious complications, and some paraviral exanthems might lead to complications for at-risk groups such as pregnant women. Read More
    Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, pityriasis rosea, asymmetrical periflexural exanthem, unilateral mediothoracic exanthem, eruptive pseudoangiomatosis, and papular-purpuric gloves and socks syndrome: a brief review and arguments for diagnostic criteria.
    Infect Dis Rep 2012 Jan 15;4(1):e12. Epub 2012 Feb 15.
    Department of Dermatology, College of Medicine Mayo Clinic, USA.
    Several exanthems including Gianotti-Crosti syndrome, pityriasis rosea, asymmetrical periflexural exanthem, eruptive pseudoangiomatosis, and papular-purpuric gloves and socks syndrome are suspected to be caused by viruses. These viruses are potentially dangerous. Gianotti-Crosti syndrome is related to hepatitis B virus infection which is the commonest cause of hepatocellular carcinoma, and Epstein-Barr virus infection which is related to nasopharyngeal carcinoma. Read More
    Pityriasis Rosea, Gianotti-Crosti Syndrome, Asymmetric Periflexural Exanthem, Papular-Purpuric Gloves and Socks Syndrome, Eruptive Pseudoangiomatosis, and Eruptive Hypomelanosis: Do Their Epidemiological Data Substantiate Infectious Etiologies?
    Infect Dis Rep 2016 Mar 21;8(1):6418. Epub 2016 Mar 21.
    JC School of Public Health and Primary Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong and Prince of Wales Hospital , Shatin, Hong Kong.
    Many clinical and laboratory-based studies have been reported for skin rashes which may be due to viral infections, namely pityriasis rosea (PR), Gianotti-Crosti syndrome (GCS), asymmetric periflexural exanthem/unilateral laterothoracic exanthem (APE/ULE), papular-purpuric gloves and socks syndrome (PPGSS), and eruptive pseudo-angiomatosis (EP). Eruptive hypomelanosis (EH) is a newly discovered paraviral rash. Novel tools are now available to investigate the epidemiology of these rashes. Read More
    Viral exanthems in childhood. Part 3: Parainfectious exanthems and those associated with virus-drug interactions.
    J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2009 Jun 19;7(6):506-10. Epub 2008 Sep 19.
    University Clinic Schleswig-Holstein - Campus Kiel, Clinic for Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology, Germany.
    Viruses cause not only direct infectious exanthems, but also parainfectious exanthems, which provoke skin alterations via interactions with the immune system. These distinct exanthems, for instance Gianotti-Crosti syndrome and pityriasis lichenoides group, do not reflect a specific pathogen but can occur in the course of many viral infections. In addition, some exanthems result from the interaction between viruses and drugs. Read More